The goal of this assignment is to learn about a variety of image compression techniques. This assignment has two parts:
Part 1: Write a short description (two page maximum length) of two of the eight image compression techniques below, using at least five technical resources for information. In many cases, two pages will not be enough to fully describe the method, so focus on the basic idea behind the compression algorithm, and include figures/diagrams if possible. Be sure to include the five references at the bottom of your report.
Part 2: Your second task is to demonstrate your two image compression techniques on a small synthetic image with a limited pixel intensity range. For example, a 16x16 image with values between 0..15. This should give you enough bits to compress. Once you have converted your image into its compressed form, calculate the overall image compression ratio. Which method performed better? How does this compare to the entropy for the image?
Once you have selected your two methods, read about it in the textbook and online resources compiled above to understand the details. If you have questions, talk to the instructor after class or in office hours. Since your second task is to demonstrate the method, you may need to use a spreadsheet or small program to perform some of the calculations for you. In the case of JPEG compression, this method is too large/complex to do fully by hand, so pick one part of the process to demonstrate. For example, you could borrow the sample code to calculate the DCT on your input values, and then do the quantization phase by hand, and calculate the resulting entropy.